This site transcribes four early versions of the United States Constitution, three of which have not previously been available in digital form:
- P, the parchment Constitution signed by the delegates to the Constitutional Convention
- F, the printed version authorized by the Convention, which formed the basis for the earliest newspaper printings of the Constitution
- C, the printed version of the text forwarded by the Confederation Congress to the states
- CS, the “correct Copy” included by Francis Childs and John Swaine, official “Printers to the United States,” in their 1789 session-laws volume
This variorum is a companion to my paper “How Different Are the Early Versions of the United States Constitution? An Examination,” which appeared in the Winter 2017 issue of the Green Bag (20 Green Bag 2d 163). See the paper for a discussion of the variants, and the textual notes below for more information on these transcriptions. For historical information on the four texts, see the classic essays of Denys P. Myers (11 Green Bag 2d 217) and Akhil Reed Amar (97 Yale Law Journal 281).